Weed Identification for Common Grass Weeds



Weed Control

It’s time now to prepare your lawn for the grass weeds to come this year. Weed identification can be the hardest part of the process but essential. Once you know what it is, you know how to best treat it. But more importantly, prevent grass weeds by keeping your lawn healthy.


Wintergrass grows in tufts of light to dark green leaves. It emerges from autumn to spring but can infest lawns year-round in the shade. It’s seed heads produce plenty of seeds soon after germination which are easily spread through the wind, water and traffic.

Winter grass weed
Weed Identification- Capeweed


Capeweed is a winter annual that forms in a rosette shape. The deeply lobed leaves have a white underside. Small flowers stand above the leaves with a black centre and creamy-white petals.

Crowsfoot Grass

Crowsfoot Grass appears yearly around summer. It has flat, dark green stems and the leaves sprout from white sheaths. This weed tends to seed from late spring, throughout summer and into autumn. It’s seed heads have between 2 and 10 spikelets on a long stem.

A node is a point of the plant that leaves or bud sprout.

A biennial plant grows over two years. The first year it produces leaves, stems and roots. Then, in the second year, it sprouts flowers.

Nut grass weeds


Nutgrass is a rapidly spreading perennial sedge. With flat leaves and stems, Nutgrass has small yellow-brown seeds that are produced in narrow spikelets during summer. Nutgrass is difficult to remove due to its underground tubers that can regrow.


A perennial weed, the dandelion is well known for its white, puffy seed heads. It produces yellow flowers in spring and summer from long, hollow, purple stems. As well as the parachuting white seeds, Dandelions can spread through fragments of its taproot.

Dandelion weed identification

A sedge plant is similar looking to grass that typically grows in wet ground. They have triangular stems and inconspicuous flowers.

A perennial is a plant that lives for more than two years.


A summer annual, Summergrass crawls across the ground with roots growing for the nodes. Broad, glossy leaves sprout from often purple sheaths with seed heads appearing from late summer to autumn. The seeds are black and sticky, spreading easily through passing traffic.


Cudweed is a winter biennial, forming in a basal rosette. With waxy green leaves, oblong in shape, the underside is a silvery white. Cudweed will typically flower in early summer or autumn and the flowers can be brown, purple or pink. This weed produces an abundance of seeds, so it is best to get rid of the seeds before it can spread.

Cudweed Identify
Get to know Mullumbimby Couch

Mullumbimby Couch

A perennial sedge, Mullumbimby Couch grows in mats and has a similar appearance to grass. It can grow up to 15 cm high with dark green, glossy leaves. It produces a single, compact seed head that has three short leaves emerging from its base. Mullumbimby Couch flowers in warmer months and spreads through its seeds and rhizome fragments.


The bindii is recognised by most Australian children by its hard, spiky seeds. It is a low-growing perennial with roots growing from the nodes. With carrot-like leaves, the seeds appear in spring and are soft until the plant starts to die when they create sharp burrs.

Spiky Bindii Burrs
Clover weed

White Clover

The White Clover weed is another well-known weed. Its leaves form in heart shapes, usually in sets of three but at times, if you are lucky, you will find a set of four. Paperwhite flowers appear during spring and autumn and commonly attract bees.

So now that is done, all that is left is to treat it. Most weeds can be hand removed, as long as you remove the entire root system, or they can be removed with a herbicide. It is always best to remove the grass weed before they seed, otherwise, you end up with a bigger problem than just weed identification.

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